Two main types of apocalypses can be distinguished:
1) the historical
Historical apocalypses are concerned with 'the rise and fall of nations and with the end of history and the world.' Examples of this type are the Book of Daniel and the Revelation of John.
Visionary or mystical apocalypses focus 'rather on the eschatology of the individual and the fate of the soul after death.' This type was first developed in the Books of Enoch. Dante's
Divina Commedia also belongs to this category. It should also be mentioned that most apocalypses are strongly dualistic by opposing good and evil, light and darkness, Christ and Antichrist, etc. as archetypes of the same principle.